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Map of shallow subsurface water in Valles Marineris on Mars

On December 15 scientists from Area Analysis Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Russia revealed a discovery of an space with an unusually great amount of hydrogen within the Valles Marineris canyon system on Mars. Assuming the hydrogen is sure into water molecules, as a lot as 40% of the near-surface materials in Candor Chaos area seems to be water. The discovery was made by neutron detector FREND on ESA&Roscosmos’s ExoMars Hint Fuel Orbiter orbiting Mars since October 2016. FREND is mapping the distribution of hydrogen within the uppermost meter of the planet’s floor. Hydrogen signifies the presence of water, being one of many constituents of the water molecule; it may possibly additionally point out water absorbed into the floor, or minerals that had been shaped within the presence of water.

Whereas water is understood to exist on Mars, most is discovered within the planet’s chilly polar areas as ice. Usually water ice isn’t discovered uncovered on the floor close to the equator, as temperatures there should not chilly sufficient for uncovered water ice to be steady. Minerals seen on this a part of Mars sometimes include only some % water, a lot lower than is evidenced by these new observations. We discovered a central a part of Valles Marineris to be packed filled with water – way more water than we anticipated. That is very very similar to Earth’s permafrost areas, the place water ice completely persists below dry soil due to the fixed low temperatures,” informed one of many scientists concerned within the research.

These are very inspiring discoveries for the longer term human colonization of Valles Marineris area we’ve imagined in our speculative Mars Colonization Timeline!

Water in Valles Marineris region on Mars traced by ESA-Roscosmos ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter

⇧ Within the space C as much as 40% of the near-surface materials seems to be composed of water (by weight).

Probably the most water-rich space in Valles Marineris area is positioned in Candor Chaos:

Subsurface water-ice in Valles Marineris region on Mars
Subsurface water-ice in Candor Chaos (Valles Marineris) on Mars

HERE is global-scale map of shallow subsurface water distribution on Mars revealed in 2019.

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