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HomeSciencePeanut allergy: Fats molecule remedy might stop extreme response in mice

Peanut allergy: Fats molecule remedy might stop extreme response in mice


Consuming a fats molecule produced by intestine micro organism seems to supply safety in opposition to anaphylaxis brought on by peanut allergy

Well being

21 August 2022


Peanuts could cause extreme allergic reactions

JJ Gouin / Alamy

Consuming a fats molecule produced by intestine micro organism might stop mice with extreme peanut allergic reactions from experiencing a life-threatening immune response. The findings counsel the strategy may stop this anaphylaxis response in folks with meals allergic reactions and it may even stop folks creating allergic reactions within the first place.

Anaphylaxis generally entails nausea, stomach ache and impaired respiratory or hassle swallowing. Over the previous decade, researchers have discovered {that a} fats molecule referred to as butyrate, which is produced by intestine micro organism, can cut back these allergic reactions in mice. Folks with meals allergic reactions additionally appear to have much less butyrate-producing micro organism than non-allergic folks do, suggesting that boosting butyrate may assist them.

Nonetheless, butyrate can odor like canine faeces or rancid butter, making it disagreeable to swallow. What’s extra, when taken orally, it breaks down earlier than reaching the decrease intestine the place its helpful results happen.

Now, Shijie Cao on the College of Chicago in Illinois and his colleagues have developed a option to masks the foul odor of butyrate and ship the molecule to the decrease intestine, by packaging it inside spherical capsules referred to as micelles which are as much as 30 nanometres huge. “We developed this drug supply platform, polymeric micelles, to ship butyrate to the intestine to deal with meals allergic reactions,” says Cao, who introduced the work at a gathering of the American Chemical Society in Chicago on 21 August.

The researchers handled 80 mice with an antibiotic to cut back their ranges of butyrate-producing intestine micro organism, then gave them extreme peanut allergic reactions by giving them peanut protein together with an immune-stimulating toxin for 4 weeks. They then gave the micelles to half the mice twice a day for 2 weeks, with the opposite half receiving a saline answer as a management, earlier than feeding the entire animals 1 milligram of peanut protein.

Whereas the management mice developed anaphylaxis from the peanut protein, as measured by a drop of their core physique temperature and elevated immune exercise, the mice that obtained the micelles didn’t. “It was a really thrilling second once we noticed the outcomes, that the butyrate prevented anaphylaxis,” says Cao.

By analysing the micro organism within the mouse faeces earlier than and after remedy, the crew then discovered that the butyrate-carrying micelles boosted the expansion of butyrate-producing micro organism, suggesting that the remedy may alter the intestine microbiome to supply extra of its personal butyrate.

“We’re aiming for creating a distinct segment for these wholesome micro organism to develop utilizing this remedy, in order that the micelles don’t have to be taken for a really very long time,” says Cao.

The researchers additionally hope that the remedy can be utilized to stop folks creating many varieties of meals allergic reactions within the first place. “The strategy ought to work on any meals allergen,” says Cao. “We think about the micelles may are available a packet, and also you simply add it to a glass of water.”

“Brief-chain fatty acids [like butyrate] may completely stop meals allergy,” says Charles Mackay at Monash College in Melbourne, Australia. “This work might have a big impact if the remedies work in people. We have to do the trials and I’m very optimistic. Present remedies are crude and unconvincing.”

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